17 April 2012

USMT 4.0 PC-to-PC Migration Script

Posted By: Mick Pletcher - 9:02 PM

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This script will execute the USMT, migrating data from the old machine to the new machine. Both PCs must be on the network. You will be prompted to enter the old computer name, new computer name, and the username. This is the only interaction required. A status window will appear giving the status of each state of the migration. Error checking has been included in the coding and returns an error if one if generated. The USMT has been customized for the command prompt window to be minimized so that it can be restored if need be for troubleshooting/status purposes.

The global variable, USMTLocation , contains the network location of where the USMT 4.0 is located, specifically this VBScript. It must have a backslash at the end of the network location. Both USMT 4.0 x86 and x64 must be located at %USMTLocation%\x86 and %USMTLocation%\x64, as this script is set to automatically determine the architecture of the old machine and runs the appropriate USMT version. PSTools also needs to be installed at %USMTLocation%\PSTools so that PsExec is available to run. This is used to run the scanstate, robocopy, and loadstate locally on the machines so that bandwidth and speed are not compromised.

NOTE: Robocopy does not exist on XP machines. I deployed robocopy.exe to all XP machines in the c:\windows\system32 directories. If robocopy is not on the machine, the script will fail.


NOTE: Before you take this script and use it, you must know the ins and outs of USMT, which requires a great deal of knowledge of it. There will be several XML files that you will have to write to control the USMT process. Without knowing how this works, this script will be useless. This script has to be customized to your environment, as it is not an off-the-shelf product ready to run on just any system. The PsExec is very touchy and requires a lot of time and knowledge to get it working correctly. I probably spent about two days just trying to get this function to work correctly. I have written the code to try and make it as simple as possible to customize it to each environment's demands.

Here is a link where users were troubleshooting this script to meet the needs and required configurations of their environment:



You can download a copy of this script from here.


 REM ***************************************************************************   
 REM ***      Program: USMT_New_Computer.vbs   
 REM ***       Author: Mick Pletcher   
 REM ***      Created: 21 February 2010   
 REM ***       Edited: 22 July 2010   
 REM ***   
 REM ***  Description: This script will execute the USMT, migrating data from   
 REM ***               the old machine to the new machine. Both PCs must be on   
 REM ***               the network. You will be prompted to enter the old   
 REM ***               computer name, new computer name, and the username.   
 REM ***               This is the only interaction required. A status window   
 REM ***               will appear giving the status of each state of the   
 REM ***               migration. Error checking has been included in the   
 REM ***               coding and returns an error if one if generated. The USMT   
 REM ***               has been customized for the command prompt window to be   
 REM ***               minimized so that it can be restored if need be for   
 REM ***               troubleshooting/status purposes.   
 REM ***   
 REM ***               The global variable, USMTLocation , contains the network   
 REM ***               location of where the USMT 4.0 is located, specifically   
 REM ***               this VBScript. Both USMT 4.0 x86 and x64 must be located   
 REM ***               at % USMTLocation%\x86 and % USMTLocation%\x64, as this   
 REM ***               script is set to automatically determine the architecture   
 REM ***               of the old machine and runs the appropriate USMT version.   
 REM ***               PSTools also needs to be installed at   
 REM ***               %USMTLocation%\PSTools so that PsExec is available to run.   
 REM ***               This is used to run the scanstate, robocopy, and loadstate   
 REM ***               locally on the machines so that bandwidth and speed are   
 REM ***               not compromised.   
 REM ***               1) Create HTML Display Status Window   
 REM ***               2) Enter Source PC, Destination PC, and Username   
 REM ***               3) Delete Old USMT folders and Create New USMT Folders   
 REM ***               4) Determine if the system is x86 or x64   
 REM ***               5) Perform USMT Migration on Old Machine   
 REM ***               6) Exit Script if USMT Migration Failed   
 REM ***               7) Copy Migrated USMT data to New Machine   
 REM ***               8) Load Migrated USMT data on New Machine   
 REM ***               9) Verify USMT   
 REM ***              10) Cleanup Global Variables   
 REM ***   
 REM ***************************************************************************   
 Option Explicit   

 REM Define Global Constants   
 CONST USMTLocation = "\\global.gsp\data\special\Deploy\USMT40\"   

 REM Define Global Objects   
 DIM objIE : Set objIE = CreateObject("InternetExplorer.Application")   

 REM Define Global Variables   
 DIM OldComputer   : Set OldComputer = Nothing   
 DIM NewComputer   : Set NewComputer = Nothing   
 DIM ReturnCode    : Set ReturnCode  = Nothing   
 DIM UserName      : Set UserName    = Nothing   
 DIM USMTSourceCMD : USMTSourceCMD   = "0"   
 DIM USMTDestCMD   : USMTDestCMD     = "0"   

 REM Create HTML Display Status Window   
 CreateDisplayWindow()   
 REM Enter Source PC, Destination PC, and Username   
 GetComputerInfo()   
 REM Delete Old USMT folders and Create New USMT Folders   
 CreateUSMTFolders()   
 REM Determine if the system is x86 or x64   
 DetermineArchitecture()   
 REM Perform USMT Migration on Old Machine   
 USMTMigrate()   
 REM Exit Script if USMT Migration Failed   
 VerifyScanState()   
 REM Copy Migrated USMT data to New Machine   
 CopyUSMTData()   
 REM Load Migrated USMT data on New Machine   
 LoadUSMTData()   
 REM Verify USMT   
 VerifyLoadState()   
 REM Cleanup Global Variables   
 GlobalVariableCleanUp()   

 '******************************************************************************   
 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub CreateDisplayWindow()   

   REM Define Local Constants   
   CONST strComputer = "."   

   REM Define Local Objects   
   DIM objWMIService : Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & strComputer & "\root\cimv2")   
   DIM colItems      : Set colItems      = objWMIService.ExecQuery ("Select PelsWidth,PelsHeight From Win32_DisplayConfiguration")   
   DIM objItem       : Set objItem       = Nothing   

   REM Define Local Variables   
   DIM intWidth        : intWidth            = 320   
   DIM intHeight       : intHeight           = 240   
   DIM intScreenWidth  : Set intScreenWidth  = Nothing   
   DIM intScreenHeight : Set intScreenHeight = Nothing   

   For Each objItem in colItems   
     intScreenWidth = objItem.PelsWidth   
     intScreenHeight = objItem.PelsHeight   
   Next   
   objIE.Navigate "about:blank"   
   objIE.Toolbar    = 0   
   objIE.StatusBar  = 0   
   objIE.AddressBar = 0   
   objIE.MenuBar    = 0   
   objIE.Resizable  = 0   
   While objIE.ReadyState <> 4   
     WScript.Sleep 100   
   Wend   
   objIE.Left    = (intScreenWidth / 2) - (intWidth / 2)   
   objIE.Top     = (intScreenHeight / 2) - (intHeight / 2)   
   objIE.Visible = True  
 
   REM Cleanup Local Variables   
   Set colItems        = Nothing   
   Set intScreenWidth  = Nothing   
   Set intScreenHeight = Nothing   
   Set intWidth        = Nothing   
   Set intHeight       = Nothing   
   Set objItem         = Nothing   
   Set objWMIService   = Nothing   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub GetComputerInfo()   

   OldComputer = InputBox( "Enter the old computer name:" )   
   NewComputer = InputBox( "Enter the new computer name:" )   
   UserName    = InputBox( "Enter the username:" )   
   objIE.Document.WriteLn "<FONT SIZE=8>USMT migration of " & UserName & " from " & OldComputer & " to " & NewComputer & "</FONT><BR><BR><BR>"   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub CreateUSMTFolders()   

   On Error Resume Next   

   REM Define Local Objects   
   DIM FSO : SET FSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")   

   REM Define Local Variables   
   DIM comp         : Set comp         = Nothing   
   DIM DeleteFolder : Set DeleteFolder = Nothing   
   DIM TMP          : TMP              = "\\" & OldComputer & "\c$\Temp"   
   DIM MigData      : MigData          = TMP & "\MigData"   
   DIM USMTPath     : USMTPath         = MigData & "\" & UserName & "\" & OldComputer   

   objIE.Document.WriteLn "Creating USMT Folders....."   
   REM Delete old USMTPATH, if exists   
   If FSO.FolderExists(USMTPath) then   
     Set DeleteFolder = FSO.GetFolder(USMTPath)   
     DeleteFolder.Delete   
   End If   
   If FSO.FolderExists(MigData & "\" & UserName) then   
     Set DeleteFolder = FSO.GetFolder(MigData & "\" & UserName )   
     DeleteFolder.Delete   
   End If   
   If FSO.FolderExists(MigData) then   
     Set DeleteFolder = FSO.GetFolder(MigData)   
     DeleteFolder.Delete   
   End If   
   REM Create USMTPATH   
   If NOT FSO.FolderExists(TMP) then   
     FSO.CreateFolder(TMP)   
   End If   
   FSO.CreateFolder(MigData)   
   FSO.CreateFolder(MigData & "\" & UserName)   
   FSO.CreateFolder(MigData & "\" & UserName & "\" & OldComputer)   
   If FSO.FolderExists(USMTPath) then   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR><BR>"   
   else   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure" & "<BR><BR>"   
   End If   

   REM Cleanup Local Variables   
   Set FSO          = Nothing   
   Set comp         = Nothing   
   Set TMP          = Nothing   
   Set TMP          = Nothing   
   Set MigData      = Nothing   
   Set USMTPath     = Nothing   
   Set DeleteFolder = Nothing   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub DetermineArchitecture()   

   REM Define Local Objects   
   DIM FSO                 : SET FSO                 = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")   
   DIM objWMIService       : Set objWMIService       = Nothing   
   DIM objWMIServiceSet    : Set objWMIServiceSet    = Nothing   
   DIM colOperatingSystems : Set colOperatingSystems = Nothing   
   DIM objOperatingSystem  : Set objOperatingSystem  = Nothing   

   REM Define Local Variables   
   DIM x86RUNPATH   : x86RUNPATH    = USMTLocation & "x86"   
   DIM x64RUNPATH   : x64RUNPATH    = USMTLocation & "x64"   
   DIM OSSourceType : OSSourceType  = "\\" & OldComputer & "\c$\Program Files (x86)"   
   DIM OSDestType   : OSDestType    = "\\" & NewComputer & "\c$\Program Files (x86)"   
   DIM msgSource    : Set msgSource = Nothing   
   DIM msgDest      : Set msgDest   = Nothing   

   Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & OldComputer & "\root\cimv2")       
   Set colOperatingSystems = objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem")   
   For Each objOperatingSystem in colOperatingSystems   
     msgSource = objOperatingSystem.Caption   
   Next   
   objIE.Document.WriteLn "Determining Source Architecture....."   
   If FSO.FolderExists(OSSourceType) Then   
     USMTSourceCMD = x64RUNPATH   
   else   
     USMTSourceCMD = x86RUNPATH   
   End IF   
   If NOT USMTSourceCMD = "0" then   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR>"   
   else   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure(" & ReturnCode & ")" & "<BR>"   
   End If   
   objIE.Document.WriteLn "Determining Destination Architecture....."   
   Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & NewComputer & "\root\cimv2")       
   Set colOperatingSystems = objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem")   
   For Each objOperatingSystem in colOperatingSystems   
     msgDest = objOperatingSystem.Caption   
   Next   
   If FSO.FolderExists(OSDestType) Then   
     USMTDestCMD = x64RUNPATH   
   else   
     USMTDestCMD = x86RUNPATH   
   End IF   
   If NOT USMTDestCMD = "0" then   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR>"   
   else   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure(" & ReturnCode & ")" & "<BR>"   
   End If   
   objIE.Document.WriteLn "&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Source:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; " & msgSource &_   
               Chr(32) & Right(USMTSourceCMD,3) & "<BR>"   
   objIE.Document.WriteLn "&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Destination: " & msgDest & Chr(32) & Right(USMTDestCMD,3) & "<BR><BR>"   

   REM Cleanup Variables   
   Set colOperatingSystems = Nothing   
   Set FSO                 = Nothing   
   Set msgDest             = Nothing   
   Set msgSource           = Nothing   
   Set x86RUNPATH          = Nothing   
   Set x64RUNPATH          = Nothing   
   Set objWMIService       = Nothing   
   Set objWMIServiceSet    = Nothing   
   Set OSSourceType        = Nothing   
   Set OSDestType          = Nothing   
   Set objOperatingSystem  = Nothing   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub USMTMigrate()   

   REM Define Local Objects   
   DIM oShell : SET oShell = CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")   

   REM Define Local Variables   
   DIM Debug      : Debug      = "13"   
   DIM TMP        : TMP        = "c:\Temp"   
   DIM MigData    : MigData    = TMP & "\MigData"   
   DIM LOGPATH    : LOGPATH    = MigData & "\" & UserName   
   DIM StorePATH  : StorePATH  = MigData & "\" & UserName & "\" & OldComputer   
   DIM RemoteExec : RemoteExec = USMTLocation & "PSTools\PsExec.exe \\" & OldComputer &_   
                                 Chr(32) & "-s" & Chr(32)   
   DIM USMT       : USMT       = RemoteExec & USMTSourceCMD & "\scanstate.exe " & StorePATH & " /v:" & Debug & " /i:" & USMTSourceCMD &_   
                                 "\Migapp.xml /i:" & USMTSourceCMD & "\MigDocs.xml /i:" & USMTSourceCMD & "\miguser.xml /progress:" & LOGPATH &_   
                                 "\ScanStateProg.log /l:" & LOGPATH & "\ScanState.log /ui:Nash\" & UserName & " /c /vsc"   

   objIE.Document.WriteLn "Executing Scanstate on " & OldComputer & "....."   
   ReturnCode = oShell.Run(USMT, 7, True)   
   If ReturnCode = "0" then   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR><BR>"   
   else   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure(" & ReturnCode & ")" & "<BR><BR>"   
   End If   

   REM Cleanup Variables   
   Set Debug      = Nothing   
   SET oShell     = Nothing   
   SET TMP        = Nothing   
   SET MigData    = Nothing   
   SET LOGPATH    = Nothing   
   Set RemoteExec = Nothing   
   SET StorePATH  = Nothing   
   Set USMT       = Nothing   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub VerifyScanState()   

   If NOT ReturnCode = "0" then   
     MsgBox("The data migration on " & OldComputer & " failed due to error" & ReturnCode &_   
         ". Please check the log file located at & \\" & OldComputer & "\c$\Temp\MigData\ScanLog.log.")   
     GlobalVariableCleanUp()   
     WScript.Quit   
   Else   
     Set ReturnCode = Nothing   
   End If   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub CopyUSMTData()   

   REM Define Local Objects   
   DIM FSO    : SET FSO    = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")   
   DIM oShell : SET oShell = CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")   

   REM Define Local Variables   
   DIM SourceUSMTPath : SourceUSMTPath = "\\" & OldComputer & "\c$\Temp\MigData"   
   DIM DestUSMTPath   : DestUSMTPath   = "\\" & NewComputer & "\c$\Temp\MigData"   
   DIM Parameters     : Parameters     = "/e /eta /mir"   
   DIM RemoteExec     : RemoteExec     = USMTLocation & "PSTools\PsExec.exe \\" & OldComputer &_   
                                         Chr(32) & "-s" & Chr(32)   
   DIM RoboCopyCMD    : RoboCopyCMD    = RemoteExec & "RoboCopy.exe" & Chr(32) & SourceUSMTPath & Chr(32) & DestUSMTPath &_   
                                         Chr(32) & Parameters   

   objIE.Document.WriteLn "Copying USMT folder from " & OldComputer & " to " & NewComputer & "....."   
   oShell.Run RoboCopyCMD, 7, True   
   If FSO.FolderExists(DestUSMTPath) then   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR><BR>"   
   else   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure" & "<BR><BR>"   
   End If   

   REM Cleanup Variables   
   Set FSO            = Nothing   
   Set oShell         = Nothing   
   SET SourceUSMTPath = Nothing   
   SET DestUSMTPath   = Nothing   
   Set Parameters     = Nothing   
   Set RemoteExec     = Nothing   
   Set RoboCopyCMD    = Nothing   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub LoadUSMTData()   

   REM Define Local Objects   
   DIM oShell : SET oShell = CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")   

   REM Define Local Variables   
   DIM Debug      : Debug      = "13"   
   DIM TMP        : TMP        = "c:\Temp"   
   DIM MigData    : MigData    = TMP & "\MigData"   
   DIM LOGPATH    : LOGPATH    = MigData & "\" & UserName   
   DIM StorePATH  : StorePATH  = MigData & "\" & UserName & "\" & OldComputer   
   DIM RemoteExec : RemoteExec = USMTLocation & "PSTools\PsExec.exe \\" & NewComputer &_   
                                 Chr(32) & "-s" & Chr(32)   
   DIM USMT       : USMT       = RemoteExec & USMTDestCMD & "\loadstate.exe " & StorePATH & " /v:" & Debug & " /i:" & USMTDestCMD &_   
                                 "\Migapp.xml /i:" & USMTDestCMD & "\MigDocs.xml /i:" & USMTDestCMD & "\miguser.xml /progress:" &_   
                                 LOGPATH & "\LoadStateProg.log /l:" & LOGPATH & "\LoadState.log /ui:Nash\" & UserName & " /c"   

   objIE.Document.WriteLn "Executing Loadstate on " & NewComputer & "....."   
   ReturnCode = oShell.Run(USMT, 7, True)   
   If ReturnCode = "0" then   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR><BR>"   
   else   
     objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure(" & ReturnCode & ")" & "<BR><BR>"   
   End If   

   REM Cleanup Variables   
   Set Debug      = Nothing   
   SET oShell     = Nothing   
   SET TMP        = Nothing   
   SET MigData    = Nothing   
   SET LOGPATH    = Nothing   
   Set RemoteExec = Nothing   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub VerifyLoadState()   

   If NOT ReturnCode = "0" then   
     MsgBox("The data migration on " & NewComputer & " failed due to error " & ReturnCode & ". Please check the log file located at & \\" &_   
       NewComputer & "\c$\Temp\MigData\LoadState.log.")   
     GlobalVariableCleanUp()   
     objIE.Quit   
     WScript.Quit   
   Else   
     MsgBox("The data successfully migrated from " & OldComputer & " to " & NewComputer & ".")   
   End If   

 End Sub   

 '******************************************************************************   

 Sub GlobalVariableCleanUp()   

   objIE.Quit   
   Set OldComputer   = Nothing   
   Set objIE         = Nothing   
   Set NewComputer   = Nothing   
   Set ReturnCode    = Nothing   
   Set UserName      = Nothing   
   Set USMTSourceCMD = Nothing   
   Set USMTDestCMD   = Nothing   

 End Sub  

About Mick Pletcher

My blog is here to help solve issues I have encountered and solved, publish scripts I have written, and educate others in understanding areas that are not well covered

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