10 May 2012

Capture USMT to the Local Machine or a Network Share

Posted By: Mick Pletcher - 3:06 PM

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This script allows for the USMT process to be executed locally on a machine from a remote location with the output to either the local machine or a network location. In order for the script to run correctly, you will need to  define the network location where USMT is installed. I also installed PSTools under the USMT location. The USMT location has two additional subdirectories. So in the USMT directory is this script and the x86 and x64 subdirectories contain the actual USMT files, along with the customized XML files for defining the USMT process. One for USMT x86 and the other for USMT x64. The PSTools is used to allow for the scanstate.exe to be run locally on the target machine so that network traffic is not bogged down.

I highly suggest that before running the USMT on the target machine to clean out unnecessary profiles. You can either delete them under System Properties-->User Profiles or through deleting the associated registry keys in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\ProfileList. If you decide to delete the registry keys SystemProfile, LocalService, NetworkService, Administrator, and the user profile being migrated. You can find the key name under ProfileImagePath. Personally, I prefer deleting the registry keys for the fact that there are often profiles in the User Profile list that list as Unknown and cannot be deleted. The registry keys are what USMT references, not the actual folders. The reason for cleaning up these profiles before running the USMT process is the fact that it will scan every profile listed in the registry 20 times with a 30 second delay between each retry. That can add up to a significant amount of time if a lot of users have logged onto the machine.


NOTE: This script will not run "out-of-the-box." You will need to know a substantial amount about USMT and VBScripting in order to configure the script to match your environment. This script has been thoroughly tested and is consistently used in my current company's environment.


 REM ***************************************************************************  
 REM ***     Program: USMT_Capture.vbs  
 REM ***      Author: Mick Pletcher  
 REM ***     Created: 23 July 2010  
 REM ***      Edited: 21 March 2011  
 REM ***  
 REM *** Description: This script will execute the USMT, creating a MIG file  
 REM ***                     located on the selected location, either on the local  
 REM ***                     machine, or on the network location. This is intended to  
 REM ***                     be used for generating the MIG file for the MDT/SCCM  
 REM ***                     imaging process to be included in the build. This was written  
 REM ***                     so that this script can be executed from any machine  
 REM ***                     which then executes the USMT process locally on the   
 REM ***                     target machine. PSTools will need to be downloaded and  
 REM ***                     extracted to the USMTLocation, specified below in the  
 REM ***                     Global constants. The global constants should be the  
 REM ***                     primary changes needed to be made to run this script  
 REM ***                     on any machine. The other change that will be needed  
 REM ***                     is in the USMTMigrate Subroutine. There are  
 REM ***                     additional XML files I have written for the USMT  
 REM ***                     process that would need to be removed.   
 REM ***  
 REM ***                     NOTE: To expedite the USMT process, I would suggest  
 REM ***                     going to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\  
 REM ***                     CurrentVersion\ProfileList and deleting all keys except for  
 REM ***                     the following (You can find the key name under  
 REM ***                     ProfileImagePath): SystemProfile, LocalService,   
 REM ***                     NetworkService, Administrator, and the user profile  
 REM ***                     being migrated. This will dramatically speed up the process  
 REM ***                     otherwise it will scan each profile 20 times, with a 5  
 REM ***                     second delay upon each failure. You need not delete  
 REM ***                     the profile directory, as the USMT only scans the   
 REM ***                     profiles listed under that registry key.  
 REM ***  
 REM ***                     Script Process:  
 REM ***                     1) Create HTML Display Status Window  
 REM ***                     2) Enter Source, Destination, and Username  
 REM ***                     3) Delete Old USMT folders and Create New USMT Folders  
 REM ***                     4) Determine if the system is x86 or x64  
 REM ***                     5) Perform USMT Migration on Old Machine  
 REM ***                     6) Exit Script if USMT Migration Failed  
 REM ***                     7) Verify USMT  
 REM ***                     8) Cleanup Global Variables  
 REM ***  
 REM ***************************************************************************  
 Option Explicit  

 REM Define Global Constants  
 'Used in the query for retrieving the SID  
 CONST NetDomain = "nash"  
 ' Specifies where to find the USMT executables  
 CONST USMTLocation = "\\global.gsp\data\special\Deploy\USMT40\"   
 ' Specifies where to write the MIG file locally  
 CONST USMTLocalStore = "c:\temp\MigData\"  
 ' Specifies where to write the MIG file on the network share  
 CONST USMTNetworkStore = "\\MDT02\USMT\"  

 REM Define Global Objects  
 DIM objIE : Set objIE = CreateObject("InternetExplorer.Application")  

 REM Define Global Variables  
 DIM OldComputer   : Set OldComputer = Nothing  
 DIM ReturnCode    : ReturnCode      = "0"  
 DIM SID           : Set SID         = Nothing  
 DIM UserName      : Set UserName    = Nothing  
 DIM USMTOutput    : Set USMTOutput  = Nothing  
 DIM USMTSourceCMD : USMTSourceCMD   = "0"  
 DIM USMTDestCMD   : USMTDestCMD     = "0"  

 REM Create HTML Display Status Window  
 CreateDisplayWindow()  
 REM Enter Source, Destination, and Username  
 GetComputerInfo()  
 REM Delete Old USMT folders, if exists, and Create New USMT Folders  
 CreateUSMTFolders()  
 REM Determine if the system is x86 or x64  
 DetermineArchitecture()  
 REM Retrieve SID from Old Computer  
 GetSID()  
 REM Perform USMT Migration on Old Machine  
 USMTMigrate()  
 REM Verify the ScanState ran with no errors  
 VerifyScanState()  
 REM Cleanup Global Variables  
 GlobalVariableCleanUp()  

 '******************************************************************************  
 '******************************************************************************  

 Sub CreateDisplayWindow()  

      REM Define Local Constants  
      CONST strComputer = "."  

      REM Define Local Objects  
      DIM objWMIService : Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & strComputer & "\root\cimv2")  
      DIM colItems      : Set colItems      = objWMIService.ExecQuery ("Select PelsWidth,PelsHeight From Win32_DisplayConfiguration")  
      DIM objItem       : Set objItem       = Nothing  

      REM Define Local Variables  
      DIM intWidth        : intWidth  = 320  
      DIM intHeight       : intHeight = 240  
      DIM intScreenWidth  : Set intScreenWidth  = Nothing  
      DIM intScreenHeight : Set intScreenHeight = Nothing  

      For Each objItem in colItems  
           intScreenWidth  = objItem.PelsWidth  
           intScreenHeight = objItem.PelsHeight  
      Next  
      objIE.Navigate "about:blank"  
      objIE.Toolbar    = 0  
      objIE.StatusBar  = 0  
      objIE.AddressBar = 0  
      objIE.MenuBar    = 0  
      objIE.Resizable  = 0  
      While objIE.ReadyState <> 4  
           WScript.Sleep 100  
      Wend  
      objIE.Left = (intScreenWidth / 2) - (intWidth / 2)  
      objIE.Top = (intScreenHeight / 2) - (intHeight / 2)  
      objIE.Visible = True  

      REM Cleanup Local Variables  
      Set colItems        = Nothing  
      Set intScreenWidth  = Nothing  
      Set intScreenHeight = Nothing  
      Set intWidth        = Nothing  
      Set intHeight       = Nothing  
      Set objItem         = Nothing  
      Set objWMIService   = Nothing  

 End Sub  

 '******************************************************************************  

 Sub GetComputerInfo()  

      OldComputer = InputBox( "Enter the old computer name:" )  
      UserName    = InputBox( "Enter the username:" )  
      USMTOutput  = MsgBox("Output USMT to Network Location?", 4)  
      If USMTOutput = 6 then  
           USMTOutput = USMTNetworkStore & UserName & "\" & OldComputer  
      Else  
           USMTOutput = USMTLocalStore & UserName & "\" & OldComputer  
      End If  
      objIE.Document.WriteLn "<FONT SIZE=8>USMT migration of " & UserName & " from " & OldComputer & " to " & USMTOutput &_  
                                    Chr(32) & "</FONT><BR><BR><BR>"  

 End Sub  

 '****************************************************************************** 
 
 Sub CreateUSMTFolders()  

      On Error Resume Next  

      REM Define Local Objects  
      DIM FSO    : SET FSO    = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")  
      DIM oShell : Set oShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")  

      REM Define Local Variables  
      DIM CreateFolder : CreateFolder = "cmd.exe /c md" & Chr(32) & USMTOutput  
      objIE.Document.WriteLn "Creating USMT Folders....."  

      REM Create the USMT folders if they do not exist  
      If NOT FSO.FolderExists(USMTOutput) then  
           oShell.Run CreateFolder, 7, True  
      End If  

      REM Cleanup Local Variables  
      Set FSO          = Nothing  
      Set CreateFolder = Nothing  
      Set oShell       = Nothing  

 End Sub 
 
 '******************************************************************************  

 Sub DetermineArchitecture()  

      REM Define Local Objects  
      DIM FSO                 : SET FSO                 = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")  
      DIM objWMIService       : Set objWMIService       = Nothing  
      DIM objWMIServiceSet    : Set objWMIServiceSet    = Nothing  
      DIM colOperatingSystems : Set colOperatingSystems = Nothing  
      DIM objOperatingSystem  : Set objOperatingSystem  = Nothing  

      REM Define Local Variables  
      DIM x86RUNPATH   : x86RUNPATH    = USMTLocation & "x86"  
      DIM x64RUNPATH   : x64RUNPATH    = USMTLocation & "x64"  
      DIM OSSourceType : OSSourceType  = "\\" & OldComputer & "\c$\Program Files (x86)"  
      DIM msgSource    : Set msgSource = Nothing  

      Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & OldComputer & "\root\cimv2")  
      Set colOperatingSystems = objWMIService.ExecQuery("Select * from Win32_OperatingSystem")  
      For Each objOperatingSystem in colOperatingSystems  
           msgSource = objOperatingSystem.Caption  
      Next  
      objIE.Document.WriteLn "Determining Source Architecture....."  
      If FSO.FolderExists(OSSourceType) Then  
           USMTSourceCMD = x64RUNPATH  
      else  
           USMTSourceCMD = x86RUNPATH  
      End IF  
      If NOT USMTSourceCMD = "0" then  
           objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR>"  
      else  
           objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure(" & ReturnCode & ")" & "<BR>"  
      End If  
      objIE.Document.WriteLn "&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Source:&nbsp; " & msgSource &_  
                                    Chr(32) & Right(USMTSourceCMD,3) & "<BR><BR>" 
 
      REM Cleanup Variables  
      Set colOperatingSystems = Nothing  
      Set FSO                 = Nothing  
      Set msgSource           = Nothing  
      Set x86RUNPATH          = Nothing  
      Set x64RUNPATH          = Nothing  
      Set objWMIService       = Nothing  
      Set objWMIServiceSet    = Nothing  
      Set OSSourceType        = Nothing  
      Set objOperatingSystem  = Nothing 
 
 End Sub  

 '******************************************************************************  

 Sub GetSID()  

      REM Define Local Objects  
      DIM objWMIService : Set objWMIService = GetObject("winmgmts:\\" & OldComputer & "\root\cimv2")  
      DIM objAccount    : Set objAccount    = Nothing  

 '     Set objAccount = objWMIService.Get _  
 '          ("Win32_UserAccount.Name=" & Chr(39) & UserName & Chr(39) & ",Domain='nash'")  
      Set objAccount = objWMIService.Get _  
           ("Win32_UserAccount.Name=" & Chr(39) & UserName & Chr(39) & ",Domain=" & Chr(39) & NetDomain & Chr(39))  
      SID = objAccount.SID  

      REM Local Variable Cleanup  
      Set objAccount    = Nothing  
      Set objWMIService = Nothing  

 End Sub  

 '******************************************************************************  

 Sub USMTMigrate()  

      REM Define Local Objects  
      DIM oShell : SET oShell = CreateObject("Wscript.Shell")  

      REM Define Local Variables  
      DIM Debug       : Debug       = "13"  
      DIM IgnoreProfs : IgnoreProfs = "cmd.exe /c Set MIG_IGNORE_PROFILE_MISSING=1"  
      DIM TMP         : TMP         = "c:\Temp"  
      DIM MigData     : MigData     = TMP & "\MigData"  
      DIM LOGPATH     : LOGPATH     = MigData & "\" & UserName  
      DIM RemoteExec  : RemoteExec  = USMTLocation & "PSTools\PsExec.exe \\" & OldComputer &_  
                                              Chr(32) & "-s" & Chr(32)  
      DIM USMT        : USMT        = RemoteExec & USMTSourceCMD & "\scanstate.exe " & USMTOutput & Chr(32) & "/v:" & Debug & Chr(32) & "/i:" &_  
                                              USMTSourceCMD & "\Migapp.xml" & Chr(32) & "/i:" & USMTSourceCMD & "\MigDocs.xml" & Chr(32) & "/i:" &_  
                                              USMTSourceCMD & "\miguser.xml" & Chr(32) & "/i:" & USMTSourceCMD & "\MigExclude.xml" & Chr(32) &_  
                                              "/progress:" & LOGPATH & "\ScanStateProg.log" & Chr(32) & "/l:" & LOGPATH & "\ScanState.log" &_  
                                              Chr(32) & "/ui:" & SID & Chr(32) & "/ue:*\* /c /vsc"  

      objIE.Document.WriteLn "Executing Scanstate on " & OldComputer & "....."  
      ReturnCode = oShell.Run(IgnoreProfs, 7, True)  
      ReturnCode = oShell.Run(USMT, 7, True)  
      If ReturnCode = "0" Then  
           objIE.Document.WriteLn "Success" & "<BR><BR>"  
      else  
           objIE.Document.WriteLn "Failure(" & ReturnCode & ")" & "<BR><BR>"  
      End If  

      REM Cleanup Variables  
      Set Debug       = Nothing  
      SET IgnoreProfs = Nothing  
      SET oShell      = Nothing  
      SET TMP         = Nothing  
      SET MigData     = Nothing  
      SET LOGPATH     = Nothing  
      Set RemoteExec  = Nothing  
      Set USMT        = Nothing  

 End Sub  

 '******************************************************************************  

 Sub VerifyScanState()  

      If NOT ReturnCode = "0" then  
           MsgBox("The data migration on " & OldComputer & " failed due to error" & ReturnCode &_  
                     ". Please check the log file located at & \\" & OldComputer & "\c$\Temp\MigData\ScanLog.log.")  
           GlobalVariableCleanUp()  
           WScript.Quit  
      Else  
           Set ReturnCode = Nothing  
      End If  

 End Sub  

 '******************************************************************************  

 Sub GlobalVariableCleanUp()  

      Set OldComputer   = Nothing  
      Set objIE         = Nothing  
      Set ReturnCode    = Nothing  
      Set UserName      = Nothing  
      Set USMTOutput    = Nothing  
      Set USMTSourceCMD = Nothing  
      Set USMTDestCMD   = Nothing  

 End Sub  

About Mick Pletcher

My blog is here to help solve issues I have encountered and solved, publish scripts I have written, and educate others in understanding areas that are not well covered

4 comments:

  1. Having some problems with this script. I have went through and changed everything that needed to be changed for my environment. It keeps dying on line 236
    Set objAccount = objWMIService.Get _
    ("Win32_UserAccount.Name=" & Chr(39) & UserName & Chr(39) & ",Domain=" & Chr(39) & NetDomain & Chr(39))

    ReplyDelete
  2. I am getting this error as well, what is the fix?

    ReplyDelete
  3. Have you tried running the script as administrator?

    ReplyDelete

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